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HPV refers to a group of more than viruses. About 40 strains are considered to be a sexually transmitted infection STI. These types of HPV are passed through skin-to-skin genital contact. This typically happens through vaginal, anal, or oral sex. Almost 80 million Americans currently have a strain of the virus. Each year, 14 million more Americans contract an infection. Almost all sexually active Americans will have HPV at some point in their lives.
And anyone who is sexually active is at risk for contracting the virus or spreading it to a partner. When symptoms do appear, they usually come in the form of wartssuch as genital warts or warts of the throat.
Very rarely, HPV can also cause cervical cancer and other cancers of the genitals, head, neck, and throat. This can make it difficult to know when you first contracted the infection. If you find out that you have HPV, you should work with your doctor to come up with a plan of action. This generally includes talking with sexual partners about your diagnosis. Talking with your partner may cause more anxiety and concern than the diagnosis itself. If you have questions about your diagnosis, your partner will likely have some, too.
Take time to learn more about your diagnosis. Find out whether your strain is considered to be high or low risk. Some strains may never cause any issues. Others may put you at a higher risk for cancer or warts. Knowing what the virus is, what needs to happen, and what it means for your future can help the two of you avoid unnecessary fears. Schedule some time for just the two of you, free from distraction and obligation. There, you can share your news, and your doctor can help explain what has happened and what will happen moving forward.
If you feel more comfortable telling your partner before an appointment with your doctor, you can schedule a follow-up discussion with your doctor once your partner knows about your diagnosis. If you did your research before this discussion, you should feel fully equipped to tell your partner what comes next. Here are some questions to consider:. It may take some time for your partner to absorb the news and process what it means for your future together. Staying on top of your health, watching for new symptoms, and treating things as they occur can help the two of you live a healthy, normal life.
This will help you and your partner better understand your risks, your options, and your future. It will also help you prepare for any questions your partner may have. Of the more than strains of HPV, only a small handful are connected to cancer. An HPV infection may remain dormant and cause zero symptoms for weeks, months, even years. You may have one episode of symptoms and never have another issue again.
In that case, your immune system may be able to clear the infection entirely. If you have a compromised immune system, you may face more recurrences than people whose immune systems are otherwise strong and fully functioning. Condoms do help protect against many STIs, including HIV and gonorrhea, which are shared through contact with bodily fluids.
Still, HPV can be shared through Hpv dating only skin-to-skin contact, even when a condom is used. Your doctor may not test for HPV unless you show s of a possible infection. Possible s include warts or the presence of abnormal cervical cells during a pap smear. If your partner shares their positive diagnosis with you, you may be wondering if you should be tested, too.
After all, the more you know, the better prepared you can be for future issues and concerns. The only HPV test approved by the U. Food and Drug Administration is for women. And routine HPV screening is not recommended. HPV screening is done in accordance with ASCCP guidelinesin women over the age of 30 in conjunction with their Pap smear, or in women younger than Hpv dating only if their Pap shows abnormal changes.
Pap smears are generally done every three to five years for normal screening intervals, but can be done more often in patients with cervical dysplasia, abnormal bleeding, or changes on physical exam. This test can help your doctor decide if you should undergo additional diagnostic tests for cervical cancer.
HPV can be spread through intimate skin-to-skin contact. This means that using a condom may not protect against HPV in all cases. The only real way to keep you or your partner protected against an HPV infection is to abstain from sexual contact.
If you or your partner has a high-risk strain, you may need to discuss your options with your doctor. If the two of you remain in a monogamous relationship, you may share the virus back and forth until it goes dormant. At this point, your bodies may have built a natural immunity to it.
You and your partner may still need routine exams to check for any possible complications. Smart strategies for talking to your partners — both current and future — can help you be honest about your diagnosis while also caring for yourself. The human papillomavirus HPV is a common infection affecting 1 in 4 U. At this time, there isn't a cure for HPV, though its symptoms can…. Can you get HPV without genital warts? In fact, HPV often has with no symptoms at all Hpv dating only goes away on its own. Nearly all sexually active people….
It often has few or no symptoms, which is why getting…. Most sexually active people will have some strain at some point in their lives.
Here's why HPV testing is important and what…. Most sexually active men and women will have HPV at some point in their lives. About 40 types of HPV are sexually transmitted. In rare cases, HPV is a…. There are more than types of HPV — some low-risk and some high-risk. Knowing the type of HPV you have can help determine if you're at increased…. Many STDs can lead to infertility. If you have human papillomavirus HPVyou may be wondering whether it has the same effect. Understanding HPV. How to talk to your partner about HPV. Busting the myths about HPV and intimacy.
Getting tested. How to prevent HPV infection or transmission. What you can do now. Read this next. Medically reviewed by Daniel Murrell, M. Medically reviewed by Jill Seladi-Schulman, Ph. Medically reviewed by Cameron White, M.Hpv dating only
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