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Philistineone of a people of Aegean origin who settled on the southern coast of Palestine in the 12th century bceabout the time of the arrival of the Israelites. According to biblical tradition Deuteronomy ; Jeremiahthe Philistines came from Caphtor possibly Cretealthough there is no archaeological evidence of a Philistine occupation of the island.
The first records of the Philistines are inscriptions and reliefs in the mortuary temple of Ramses III at Madinat Habuwhere they appear under the name prstas one of the Sea Peoples that invaded Egypt about bce after ravaging AnatoliaCyprusand Syria. It was from this deation that the whole of the country was later called Palestine by the Greeks.
The Philistines expanded into neighbouring areas and soon came into conflict with the Israelitesa struggle represented by the Samson saga Judges 13—16 in the Hebrew Bible. Possessing superior arms and military organization, the Philistines were able c. They were finally defeated by the Israelite king David 10th centuryand thereafter their history was that of individual cities rather than of a people.
After the division of Judah and Israel 10th centurythe Philistines regained their independence and often engaged in border battles with those kingdoms. The first nonbiblical reference to the Philistines after their settling on the Palestinian coast is in the annals of the Assyrian king Adad-nirari III —who boasted of having collected tribute from Philistia.
By the early part of the 7th century, Gaza, Ashkelon, Ekron, Ashdod, and probably Gath were vassals of the Assyrian rulers; during the second half of that century, the cities became Egyptian vassals. In later times they came under the control of Persia, Greeceand Rome. There are no documents in the Philistine language, which was probably replaced by Canaanite, Aramaic, and, later, Greek. Little is known of the Philistine religion; the Philistine gods Looking for women Ashdod in biblical and other sources such as DaganAshteroth Astarteand Beelzebubhave Semitic names and were probably borrowed from the conquered Canaanites.
After their defeat, the seranim were replaced by kings. At sites occupied by the Philistines at an early period, a distinctive type of pottery, a variety of the 13th-century Mycenaean styles, has been found. Philistine temples and shrines displaying a variety of Aegean de elements have been excavated in Ashdod, Ekron, and Tel Qasile. Additional Info. Print Cite verified Cite. While every effort has been made to follow citation style rules, there may be some discrepancies.
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Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. Full Article. Palestine during the time of David and Solomon. on This Topic. Get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. Subscribe Now. Learn More in these related Britannica articles:. Organized in a league of five cities, or principalities, the Philistine s, who possessed a monopoly of iron implements and weapons, pushed eastward….
He married a Philistine woman whom he then left when she helped her fellow Philistine s avoid payment to Samson in a riddle contest by giving them the answer. Returning later to find her given to another man, he burned the grainfields of the Philistine s. They sought revenge by…. Though the Philistine s had captured the ark, they eventually discovered that it did not bring them good fortune. History at your fingertips. up here to see what happened On This Dayevery day in your inbox! address. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox.Looking for women Ashdod
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